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Word Gems 

exploring self-realization, sacred personhood, and full humanity


Dr. Amit Goswami's
Creative Evolution

Was the long neck of the giraffe produced by a slow accumulation of genetic variations? This Darwinistic concept of gradualism is too simplistic. Longer neck vertebrae could not be produced in isolation but would require a concurrent cluster of supporting bodily modifications.



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Editor's note: The following is from Dr. Goswami's book, "Creative Evolution: A Physicist's Resolution Between Darwinism And Intelligent Design."


“According to Darwinists, [the long neck of the giraffe] happened through slow, accumulated variations and their selection, gradually leading to longer and longer necks that enabled giraffes to beat the competition and reach higher and higher branches of trees where the food is abundant. This scenario is too simplistic. Longer neck vertebrae require many concurrent modifications.

“As the vertebrae become longer, the head must become smaller, because it becomes more difficult to support the head atop a long neck.

“The circulatory system has to produce higher blood pressure; valves must originate to prevent overpressure when the giraffe stoops to get a drink.

“The lung size has to increase so the animal can breathe through a much longer pipe.

“Additionally, many muscles tendons, and bones have to change harmoniously; in fact, the entire skeletal frame has to be restructured to accommodate lengthened forelegs. It goes on.

“Clearly, much more than neck-lengthening gene mutations have to be involved – and with what amazing coordination! All this through cumulative step-by-step chance and necessity? It’s simply not credible.

“But in creative evolution, all these changes can accumulate in quantum possibility until consciousness suddenly collapses the right set of changes into a single new gestalt… As you will see, the theory of creative evolution incorporates many ideas from the organismic biologists.”

Editor’s note: In addition to the aforementioned requirement of synchronous development of an array of traits, there’s also a more basic question for Darwinism: Was the elongated neck of the giraffe produced in one afternoon? If not, how did the hungry giraffe survive? And if it survived at lower levels, then why did it need to evolve a longer neck?



Editor's last word:

Biological life is comprised of complex, interwoven, hierarchical, interdependent systems. Errors in the transmission of DNA code cannot and do not accumulate to form complex, interwoven, hierarchical, interdependent systems.